Movement Screens (FMS): Deep Squat

Purpose: The deep squat movement is a complex extremity mobility and core stability exercise that challenges full body mechanics and neuromuscular control. This test evaluates full body mobility and stability through the full movement of the exercise. 

Equipment: Screening Kit

Procedure: 

  • Instruct the client to begin by positioning by feet shoulder width apart and straight in sagittal plane.
  • Have the client rest the dowel on top of the head, and adjust the hand position so that their elbows flex at a 90-degree angle, and extend the dowel fully overhead. 
  • Instruct him/her to descend in a controlled manner into the deepest possible squat position, while keeping heels on the floor, the dowel extended overhead, and knees aligned over feet.
  • The movement back to starting position should remain controlled with a symmetrical extension of the hips and knees.

Scoring:

0.  Pain is associated while performing the movement

1.  Tibia and upper torso not parallel, femur is not below horizontal, knees not aligned over feet, and dowel is not aligned over feet

2.  Upper torso parallel with tibia, femur below horizontal, knees aligned over feet, dowel aligned over feet, and heels are elevated

3.  Upper torso parallel with tibia, femur below horizontal, knees aligned over feet, and dowel aligned over feet

Perform test up to 3 times and record best score.

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